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Hebrew Roots/New Moon

"God said, 'Let there be lights in the expanse of the sky to separate day from night; they shall serve as signs for the set times - the days and the years; and they shall serve as lights in the expanse of the sky to shine upon the earth.' And it was so. God made the two great lights, the greater light to dominate the day and the lesser light to dominate the night, and the stars." Gen .1:14-16

These two great lights are the sun, and the moon, respectively. The word for 'set times' here is moedim (appointed times) which is the very word that Yahweh chooses to use to describe His festivals. One more passage that speaks of these two lights is found in Psalms 104:19: "He made the moon to mark the seasons; the sun knows when to set."


This passage clearly sets the moon apart as the main marker of the seasons, while the sun is to mark the day. The moon that reflects the light of the Sun confirms throughout the month as it waxes and wanes that the created order is not chaotic. Its visible rebirth each month is very orderly and precise, but not absolutely predictable. Therefore, each month has a degree of expectancy about it.


The Ordination of the New Moon

The months in the Sacred calendar are established as lunar months. Therefore the sighting of the new moon was ordained to establish the beginning of the monthly cycle and therefore the first day of the month. The moon's full cycle of illumination lasts a little over 29 days. Thus we have our biblical months of either 29 or 30 days.


The New Moon is a precise astronomical event and can occur on different days because of the rotation of the earth. The determination of the New Moon, therefore, must be determined from the time in which it occurs in Jerusalem to ensure the uniformity of religious worship throughout the world, given increased communication.


This is based upon scripture which places Jerusalem as the throne of Yahweh (Jeremiah 3:17), the centre-point of the law which will be given under Messiah (Isaiah 2: 3) through the waters of the Spirit (Zechariah 8:22; 14:8-21). God has placed His name there for ever (2 Chronicles 33: 4) Before the time of modern calendars, the new moon was vitally important as it was the official announcement of when the new month had begun. Because Yahweh gave commandment to observe the feasts and festivals in their given times it was vital to keep accurate count of when the new month began to celebrate the festivals correctly.


“Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying: Speak to the Children of Israel and say to them: Yahweh’s appointed festivals that you are to designate as holy convocations — these are My appointed festivals.” (Leviticus 23:1-2) “These are the appointed festivals of Yahweh, the holy convocations, which you shall designate in their appropriate time.” (Leviticus 23:4).

God is very clear that the festivals are to be celebrated not because they are for man but because they are His appointed times. These festivals are holy not because man makes them so, but because Yahweh Himself declares them holy. Since Yahweh is the One who instituted them, it is a reasonable act of worship and obedience to observe them when He designated.


The Sanhedrin, which was the council of elders in Israel, would confirm the sighting of the new moon based upon reliable witnesses and shofars were blown in accordance with the scripture to announce the beginning of the month. Today, the rabbinical calendar is based on calculations set up by Rabbi Hillel the second in the mid fourth century. Around this time, the Sanhedrin (the high court of ancient Israel) ceased to exist. Hillel felt that the New Moon could not be declared visually without a Sanhedrin to affirm its sighting, so he decided it must be calculated. Rabbis now know that Hillel's calculations were/are off, sometimes as much as two days, which means the festivals are not celebrated on the correct day. But they have decided to wait until a Sanhedrin is established again to change it.


The Ordination of the New Year

The annual calendar is set by the alignment of both the monthly lunar cycle and the annual solar cycle. The lunar cycle sets the seasons based on the solar equinoctal cycle. The moon and sun together are governing signs. God’s Sacred Year begins with Aviv or Nisan (Exodus 12:1-2).

"And Yahweh spake unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying, This month [Abib] shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you".


This is determined from the New Moon nearest to the spring equinox in the Northern Hemisphere, which begins the summer season,(Note all scholars within the Hebrew Roots believe this statement is totally correct. Herb Solinski who has researched this quite indepth says this should be the new moon crescent on or after the vernal equinox , www.biblicalcalendar.org . At this website you will find his sources quoted in 300 plus pages of documentation) at which time the barley crop will be "in the green" ready for harvest at Passover. This month Abib or Nisan was to be the first of months and, hence, its determination would set the start and finish of the year and, hence, the calendar. The autumnal equinox in the Northern Hemisphere begins the winter season.

These are the two seasons mentioned by the Bible which are used to determine the beginning of the year to coincide with the festival harvests. (Genesis 8:22; Psalm 74:17) The day of the New Year is to be kept as a solemn feast day. A record of the festival of the New Moon is found in the Temple Scroll (11Q19-20). In column 14 we see that the sacrifices for the first day of the month, that is the New Moon, are listed, as are the special instructions for the New Year of the first day of the First Month. Thus, the Dead Sea Scrolls quite clearly identify the New Moon of the First Month (Nisan) as the New Year and as a day of solemn assembly and sacrifice. These ordinances are followed by the requirements for the seven day purification of the annual ordination of the priesthood. This is what column 14 says of the New Year of Nisan: "On the first day of the [first] month falls the beginning of months; for you it is the beginning of the months] of the year. [You are to do] no work, [You shall offer .. .. .."


Judaism changed the New Year from Nisan to Tishri, which is the seventh month, based on a man-made system derived from the rabbinical determinations introduced from Babylon in 344 CE and sanctioned by Rabbi Hillel II in 358 CE.. The Dead Sea Scrolls, the LXX and modern scholarship have exposed this change which was made. However, even rabbinical scholars such as Rabbi Kohn, the Chief Rabbi of Budapest writing in 1894, states categorically that the New Year of Rosh haShanah in Tishri is a late third century post Temple period innovation (Sabbatarians in Transylvania, CCG Publishing, 1998, p. v et. seq). The Bible gives instruction that Israel kept, as we are to keep, the Feast of Nisan (New Year's Day) as a feast day.


Sighting the New Moon

Various factors such as atmospheric pressure, temperature, humidity along the light path, altitude, latitude and longitude, fog, cloud/dust cover, glare etc. can all affect a first sighting. No one can infallibly predict the moment when the new moon will become visible to the naked eye. The general consensus of authoritative opinion is that a first sighting of the new moon could occur any time between about 15 and 48 hours after a conjunction. The conjunction being when the earth is between the sun and the moon in perfect alignment. The first sighting of the moon will be after the moon has moved out of this alignment.


In sighting the New Moon, one faces the western sky at sunset, drawing an imaginary line from the zenith overhead toward the setting sun, seeking the thin scimitar of light on either side of this imaginary line. The sun sets in the west slightly right of where the new moon will be seen. As the sky darkens the first star is seen which is actually the planet Venus. Gradually the crescent appears as a sliver just above the horizon. The faint New Moon will bulge out to the right, with the horns pointing toward the left. However, in early spring (autumn in southern hemisphere) the “Passover moon” will appear much like a saucer with both horns pointing upward. Variations of this New Moon may be seen in springtime. Biblical months are either 29 or 30 alternating days in length; at times two consecutive 30-day months may occur. Only on the new moon will the moon be invisible until the sun sets. It is as if Yahweh is concealing it so we will intentionally have to look for His sign in the sky.


Determining the New Year

The New Year is determined by the New Moon which falls nearest the equinox, which ensures that the Full Moon falls after the equinox, while the sun stands in the sign of Aries. In the Gregorian system the equinox can fall on 21-23 March. The earliest date for the New Year has to be 14 days before 21 March, so that Passover will be at the full moon – i.e. 8 April. This was the earliest date for 1 Nisan. The latest date is determined by 15 Nisan and the sun in Aries. The sun leaves Aries on 19 April. Thus, the day 19/20 April is the last day in which Passover can begin. The 15th Nisan cannot be later than 20/21 April. According to the ancient rules of the Hebrews, 1 Nisan, or the start of the sacred year, was not earlier than 8 March and not later than the Hebrew day on 8/9 April (Gregorian) in the case of a thirty day month falling with an equinox on 23 March. It is impossible, therefore, for there to be a Passover earlier than the vernal equinox (21 March) or one later than 20/21 April.


Philo, the Jewish historian and contemporary of Yeshua the Messiah and the apostles, says that Moses established the moon of the vernal equinox as the first month of the year (The Works of Philo, On the Life of Moses II, chapter XLI, Part 222 and 224) Josephus the Jewish historian also confirms this and defines it as "when the sun was in Aries" (Josephus, Ant. 3.201; III.x.5].

Because harvests are governed by the seasons, which are controlled by the movements of the heavenly bodies, the maturity of the barley crop in Israel will coincide with these calculations and is the necessary factor for establishing the new year so that there is the required grain to be offered at Firstfruits.


Historical Observance of the Feast

Psalm 81 tells us that Joseph instituted the Rosh Chodesh during his tenure as the viceroy of Egypt. Joseph had the power to declare the decree and the people of Egypt, principally the sons of Israel, were delighted to make the recognition of the new moon as a joyful feast. The testimony was to honor Joseph for what he did as a righteous deliverer, who in many ways prefigured the coming Messiah of Israel and the redemption that He would ultimately bring. All of Yahweh's feasts are a role play of eternal truths in His eternal purposes and keep His redemptive plan before us. What Joseph set in place as a testimony, has been established as a "statute for Israel, a law of the God of Jacob" (Psalm 81: 3-4)


In numbers 10:10 it is recorded that the trumpet is to be blown to sanctify the new Moon as a feast day. "At the beginnings of your months you shall offer a burnt offering to Yahweh: .. .. this is the burnt offering of each month throughout the months of the year .. .. it shall be offered besides the continual burnt offering and its drink offering. (Numbers 28:11-15 RSV) Moses called the people to assembly on the new moon and spoke to them according to the commandments he had been given by Yahweh, exhorting them to faith and obedience. (Deuteronomy 1: 3) It is also recorded that Yahweh chose this sabbatical day to speak to Moses and give him instructions for Israel. Numbers 1: 1-5


Moses commanded the keeping of the new Moons. 2 Chronicles 8:12-13 Solomon said that it, as well as the other feasts, were "an ordinance forever to Israel" 2 Chronicles 2: 3-4

The kings of Israel kept the feast of the new moon with its stipulated temple procedure. 1 Chron. 23:31; 2 Chron. 31: 3

We find a record that Saul held feasts on the new moon, according to the law. When Saul turned against David and he fled and hid in the country, David gave instructions to explain his absence from the feast, indicating that this was a day when David would be missed, if he did not attend the King’s table on the New Moon. (1 Samuel 20:4-18, 24)

It was usual during the Temple period to seek guidance from the prophets on the New Moons. ( 2 Kings 4:23)


In the restoration of the law under Nehemiah the New Moons were re-instituted and kept from that time through to the destruction of the Temple in 70 CE. Josephus records that they were kept during the entire Temple period and the High Priest attended in the Temple on the New Moons and Sabbaths.

The New Testament church also understood them, hence the reference in Colossians chapter 2 when the Gnostics were criticising them for their festivities, contrary to their ascetic practices. "Therefore let no one pass judgment on you in questions of food and drink or with regard to a festival or a new moon or a sabbath". (Colossians 2:16


The Church of God kept it for centuries. We know that at the Reformation the true followers of Messiah were still keeping the entire sacred calendar intact, as it was in the Temple period.

During the Millennium, the Sabbaths and New Moons will be kept. Isaiah tells us the entire world will be honoring the New Moons and the Sabbaths as they worship Yahweh in the coming Kingdom. "From new moon to new moon, and from sabbath to sabbath, all flesh shall come to worship before me, says Yahweh". (Isaiah 66:23 RSV) - see Zech. 14:16-19

Also in Ezekiel 45:17 - the aspect of temple service for the new moons in the millennium

46: 1,3 - enforcement of the New Moon as a Sabbath and for worship

As sincere followers of Yahweh’s word, we should be observing them now and preparing ourselves as His Bride, fully adorned in all righteousness.


The Significance of the New Moon Celebration

The word used for New Moon in Hebrew is 'Rosh Chodesh' literally means “beginning, head, or renewal” and thus. the beginning or head of the month. It is a time of spiritual renewal.

All through the scriptural record, the New Moon was a day when the prophets heard from Yahweh, being a day designated for waiting upon Yahweh, for discerning His purposes and for prophetic revelation. Ezekiel 26:1; 29:17; Haggai 1:1.

They were days of assembly and God dealt with Israel at these times, speaking through His servants, the Prophets.

We are also told in the New Testament these days are prophetic and foreshadow future events. (Colossians 2:16-17) The celebration of the new moon has great prophetic significance for Israel as the Bride of Yahweh and it was/is an appointed time of His choosing to give prophetic revelation to His people of His purposes for them.


The New Moon and the Sabbath were closely linked as both were holy, set-apart days unto Yahweh Himself and the celebration of the new moon is placed in importance in the scriptures alongside keeping the Sabbath. It is not cited in the Torah until Numbers chapter 10 because it is a celebration based upon the testimony of Yahweh's corporate people being established as His luminary in the world. Yahweh called Israel to be a light to the Gentiles, a holy, set-apart nation which reflected His glorious light (Exodus 19: ; 1 Peter 2: 4-5). At the beginning of each month they were called to come aside from their normal functions for existence in this world, to reflect upon their ordained purpose of reflecting His presence in the world and revitalizing their spiritual lives in Him.


Joseph was given a dream of the sun, moon and stars as it related to their initial household of faith (Gen. 37: 9). This is carried through into its fulfillment in Revelation 12 with the woman (God's corporate people) arrayed with the glory of the sun (representing the glory of the Father), with her feet standing upon the moon (the reflected light of the sun), and the deputation of the twelve stars of His government assigned to her. This portrays that the woman (Yahweh's Bride) in the end days will have come into the glory of the Father in her witness and testimony as the light-bearer of the Son (sun) in her earthly commission (standing upon the moon - i.e. established in her testimony as being THE light to this world).


As His Bride keeps this feast of her appointment with Yahweh and comes into alignment with Him, she will reflect His light in ever increasing degrees of magnitude, until she actually shines with the glory of the Son of righteousness. "But we all with unveiled face, beholding as in a mirror the glory of the Lord, are being transformed into the same image from glory to glory, just as by the Spirit of Yahweh." 2 Corinthians 3:18


Celebrating the New Moon

The beginning of the month is determined by the first visible sighting after the conjunction of the moon and for it's commencement the shofar is blown in one long blast. Numbers 10:10 states that the trumpets should be blown at all New Moons to sanctify the day and the offerings. The new month is announced and brethren commence to fellowship. After the blessing is said, greetings of peace are given to one another. A traditional greeting of peace is Shalom Alechem! (peace be with you) The response is Alechem Shalom! (upon you peace)

It is a time of fresh dedication of ourselves to Yahweh and of blessing Him and seeking His direction for the new month ahead. We also take this time to ask His blessings on the planned endeavors for the coming month.


These days are sanctified or set apart as days of sacrifice, for worship, for assembly and for us to make our spiritual offerings to Yahweh. (2 Chronicles 2:4; Nehemiah 10:33; Ezekiel 44:24; 45:17)

It is now a spiritual act in a spiritual Temple, which makes it more powerful and just as important, as now we see its real significance in preparing us for the kingdom to come.

Traditionally there is singing and dancing in celebration of the occasion, and the partaking of a festive meal together with suggested scripture reading of Deuteronomy 4: 7-9; Psalm 104; and Psalm 81


They were days of festivity, as Psalm 81 portrays -- To the chief Musician upon Gittith, (guitar) A Psalm of Asaph. "Sing for joy to God our strength! Shout to the God of Ya`akov! Start the music! Beat the drum! Play the sweet lyre and the lute! Sound the shofar at Rosh-Hodesh and at full moon for the pilgrim feast, because this is a law for Isra'el, a ruling of the God of Ya`akov." Ps. 81:1-4 [As the Hebrew word kece' means 'to cover' it is twice incorrectly translated as 'full moon'. A more literal rendering from the original language would be "Cover our feast day with the sound of the shofar!"]

They were a "joyous occasion" (Numbers 10:10), so much so that Yahweh threatened to take away these festive times, in punishment for their disobedience (Hosea 2:13).

The New Moon of Trumpets (Yom Teruah) was also a day of restoration (or reading) of the Law of God. (Nehemiah 8: 2)



A cleansing process began in the physical temple with the commencement of the new year and this points towards the spiritual cleansing of the spiritual Temple. We are that spiritual Temple and the process of cleansing begins with us on the First New Moon of each year as a preparation for the coming Passover season. It then is repeated throughout the year from New Moon to New Moon as we each come before Yahweh and renew our life in Him. (Ezekiel 45:18; Numbers 28:11) This will continue in the 1000 year reign of Yeshua. (Isaiah 66:22-23)

The New Moons of the other months of the year are similar to Sabbath days in which no trade or unnecessary work is done. (Amos 8:5; Nehemiah 10:31) [work which has to be done is allowed on the new moon]


Yahweh keeps His appointments with those who choose to meet with Him at His designated times and He enters His assembly at these times on these holy days of the Sabbaths and the New Moons to fulfill the spiritual reality of these feasts in the lives of His people. (Ezekiel 46: 1-6)



When we look through our Bibles, we find that there are 21 verses which mention the new moon specifically. In all of these texts, there is no direct instruction for us as to how to observe this monthly appointment in our day. I believe, though, that we have been given definite clues which are able to lead us to discover answers and to understand these Scriptures, and that we have the privilege of applying what we find to our own lives so we may be obedient to the pattern which was originally established by Yah for His people. Father has also revealed what this day is about through the principles of His Word and the plan of redemption.


I have experienced that there are tried and true ways to observe the new moon day – very beautiful revelations of the gift of our Father to His people. This does not mean that there is only one way to observe the day, but that we may indeed have enough accumulated material to know exactly what is acceptable to do and how we can commemorate and celebrate the day with confidence that our God approves.

As this study progresses, I will endeavor to shed light on how the 21 Scriptures referring to the new moons may be understood and applied because I believe they can be harmonized for our instruction today.


Since this is a study about the new moon day itself, there will be no emphasis on how to determine which new moon is the first of the year. That is another study in and of itself. The basic outline here concerns the what, when, where, why, and how of the matter, as I believe our understanding of the answers to these questions will help reconcile our minds to receive the blessings God intends for us by the observance of this day.

First, we need to understand what the basic purpose was for the new moon day as Scripture explains it. Then we will explore how Israel was directed to keep it.


In short, the new moon is the beginning of each month in the Bible. It is the first, or new, day of a month. The Hebrew word for months in the following texts is ‘chodesh’ (Strong’s 2320), which means ‘new moon.’ The beginning of this day is marked by a particular phase of the moon, which we will see a bit later.

“Also in the day of your gladness, and in your solemn days, and in the beginnings of your months, ye shall blow with the trumpets over your burnt offerings, and over the sacrifices of your peace offerings; that they may be to you for a memorial before your God: I am the Lord your God” Numbers 10:10.


And in the beginnings of your months ye shall offer a burnt offering unto the Lord; two young bullocks, and one ram, seven lambs of the first year without spot” Numbers 28:11.

On the new moon, or at the beginning of the month, the priests of the Israelites blew silver trumpets to announce the meeting of the congregation (see Numbers 10:8). The two silver trumpets were made after Moses was given instructions for their construction and use (verse 2). Among other purposes, these trumpets were to be used in connection with the temple for calling the assembly together for the new moons. The ram’s horn, or shofar, was also used to ring in the time of the new moon in areas distant from the temple grounds. The shofar is still used today by some to herald the new moon. The silver trumpets were confiscated by Titus’ army in 70 AD when the temple at Jerusalem was leveled.


There were also specific sacrifices to be made by the Israelites on this day. It was in Yah’s wisdom that He called for this time of sacrifice to make reparation for sin so that the Plan of Redemption and faith in the coming Redeemer might be illustrated to His beloved people.

In the next several Scripture verses, the term ‘new moon’ is also ‘chodesh.’ Both phrases (‘beginning of your months’ and ‘new moons’) are used to describe the same event. I have supplied the emphasis in these verses:

“And to offer all burnt sacrifices unto the LORD in the sabbaths, in the new moons, and on the set feasts, by number, according to the order commanded unto them, continually before the LORD” 1 Chronicles 23:31.

“Behold, I build an house to the name of the LORD my God, to dedicate it to him, and to burn before him sweet incense, and for the continual shewbread, and for the burnt offerings morning and evening, on the sabbaths, and on the new moons, and on the solemn feasts of the LORD our God. This is an ordinance for ever to Israel” 2 Chronicles 2:4.


“Even after a certain rate every day, offering according to the commandment of Moses, on the sabbaths, and on the new moons, and on the solemn feasts, three times in the year, even in the feast of unleavened bread, and in the feast of weeks, and in the feast of tabernacles” 2 Chronicles 8:13.

“He appointed also the king’s portion of his substance for the burnt offerings, to wit, for the morning and evening burnt offerings, and the burnt offerings for the sabbaths, and for the new moons, and for the set feasts, as it is written in the law of the LORD” 2 Chronicles 31:3.


“And afterward offered the continual burnt offering, both of the new moons, and of all the set feasts of the LORD that were consecrated , and of every one that willingly offered a freewill offering unto the LORD” Ezra 3:5.

“For the shewbread , and for the continual meat offering, and for the continual burnt offering, of the sabbaths, of the new moons, for the set feasts, and for the holy things, and for the sin offerings to make an atonement for Israel, and for all the work of the house of our God” Nehemiah 10:33.


Josephus, a Jew who lived in the first century just after the days of Messiah, noted that, “At the new moon, they both perform the daily sacrifices, and slay two bulls, with seven lambs of the first year, and a kid of the goats also, for the expiation of sins” (Josephus, Antiquity of the Jews, Book III).

As important as the sacrifices were on the new moon, this was primarily a time of worship, as we will soon see. As on the Sabbaths and feasts, the blood of the sacrifices performed during the new moons were to point the children of Israel to the true Lamb, Yahshua Himself, as their propitiation for sin. They were to look forward in faith to that day when type would meet antitype at Golgotha (see Matthew 27:33).


The prophet Isaiah wrote:

“It shall come to pass, that from one new moon to another, and from one sabbath to another, shall all flesh come toworship before me, saith the LORD” Isaiah 66:23; emphasis added.

David remembered the command from Numbers 10:10, saying:

“Blow up the trumpet in the new moon, and in the full moon, on our solemn feast day” Psalm 81:3.

This charge is preceded by the wonderful privilege and duty of worship given to His people to “sing aloud” and “make a joyful noise unto God” (verse 1).

Being that the new moon was a day of worship, the law of Yah was taught during this time as well:


What is the New Moon? What does God say about it in the scriptures? What does it mean for us today?

 Lets look by beginning in the New Testament, there will find that the Apostle Paul is telling the brethren in Colosse not to be worried about someone criticizing them over its observance.

Col 2:16 Then do not let anyone judge you in eating, or in drinking, or in part of a feast,or of a new moon, or of Sabbaths, The gentile converts of Colossians learned to practice the keeping of the New Moons. And as they were doing so, some people were making fun of them for observing Jewish customs!


We see that they were observing the laws of God, and people were saying that they did not need to keep the old ways. But what we find here most interesting is the fact that the “New Moons” are mentioned along with the Feast Days, and the Sabbaths. Paul tells us that it was common practice for the Church of God to keep the New Moons. So why do the true believers of God not keep the New Moons today?
What has happened since then? Why has the Church stopped keeping the observance of the New Moons?
Some people say that because the New Moon was not established as a Holy Day, it should not be kept!  Yet, the same thing could be said about the Passover not being a Holy Day!  Both the Passover AND the New Moons were commanded to be observed and neither are declared to be Holy Days!


Lets continue exploring the “New Moons” throughout the scripture and see what God leads us to understand as we seek to please him.
New Moons in the Kingdom?
We’ve looked at the new moons in the times of Christ but what about in the future? What does God say will happen with the “New Moons” in His future coming Kingdom!?

Eze 46:1 So says the Lord Jehovah: The gate of the inner court that faces the east shall be shut the six days of work. But on the Sabbath day it shall be opened, and in the day of the new moon it shall be opened.

The court of the Temple where people will worship will be closed on the regular week days. But on the Sabbath day, and on the “New Moon” it will be open!

And the people will be worshiping God on the New Moons and they will offer sacrifices to God during that day!!!
Eze 46:3 And the people of the land shall worship at the door of that gate on the Sabbaths, and on the new moons, before God. Eze 46:6 And in the day of the new moon: a bull without blemish, a son of the herd, and six lambs, and a ram, they shall be without blemish,

New Moons Before Christ’s Time
So if it will be important to God in the Kingdom, and it was important to the church at the time of the apostles, was it important for the people of God before Christ? In the book of Samuel God tells us that they were keeping the New Moons…
1Sa 20:5 And David said to Jonathan, Behold, the new moon is tomorrow. And sitting I should certainly sit with the king to eat. And you shall send me away, and I shall be hidden in the field until the third evening.

1Sa 20:18 And Jonathan said to him, Tomorrow is the new moon, and you shall be expected, for your seat will be empty.
1Sa 20:24 And David was hidden in the field. And it was the new moon. And the king sat down by the food to eat.
So we see here that David and the Israelites kept the observance of the New Moons.

Now lets look at the book of Kings where we well see a scripture that indicates that on the “New Moons” the people went to listen and speak with the spiritual leaders of the day, much like you would do on the Sabbath.
A woman that had been kind to Elisha by feeding him and building a room for him, was in distress because of her sons recent death. Because of this tragedy she went to find and seek help from Elisha.

Notice here what her husband says to her as she leaves…
2Ki 4:23 And he said, Why are you going to him today; it is neither new moon nor Sabbath? And she said, Peace.
They would get together with the prophet of God, to learn from on the New Moons just as they did on the Sabbath! So it is clear to see that Israel was observing the New Moons!

New Moons to be kept by ALL FLESH
Also, God tells us through Isaiah that all people will come to worship Him on the New Moons, just the same as in the Sabbaths!
Isa 66:22-24 For as the new heavens and the new earth which I make stand before Me, declares Jehovah, so your seed and your name shall stand. 23 And it will be, from new moon to its new moon,and from Sabbath to its Sabbath, all flesh shall come to worship before Me, says Jehovah. 24 And they shall go out and see the dead bodies of the men who have rebelled against Me; for their worm shall not die, nor shall their fire be put out; and they shall be an object of disgust to all flesh.

So it should be clear to us from these scriptures & examples that it was very important to God that all His people kept the observance of the New Moons!

Unfortunately, just as many people today have lost knowledge and defiled the keeping of the New Moon, so also Israel defiled the keeping of the New Moons much like they did the Sabbaths of God.

So far we have seen many important details about the New Moons that help us to better understand what it is, how it was observed and its significance today. So to summarize what we know about the “New Moons” thus far…

They were observed in the times of Paul – Col 2:16
Coming to the temple to worship during it – Eze 46:1-6
Being observed in the kingdom of God – Eze 46:1-6
Being observed by King Saul – 1Sa 20:5-24
A time to gather for a special sacrificial meal – 1Sa 20:18
To be observed by ALL flesh in the future – Isa 66:22-24
A time for worshiping God – Isa 66:23

 Amos speaks of those sitting at the new moon gathering and wishing they were not there worshipping God, folks who would rather be going about their own ways than worshipping God on Sabbath and New Moons.  This is the same as people sitting at Passover and wishing it was over so that they could do their own thing instead of obeying and worshipping God. – Amo 8:5

God gave Moses instructions to follow…
2Ch 8:12-13Then Solomon offered burnt offerings to Jehovah on the altar of Jehovah that he had built before the porch, even as the matter of every day required, offering according to the commandment of Moses, on the Sabbaths, and on the new moons, and on the appointed feasts three times in the year, in the Feast of Unleavened Bread, and in the Feast of Weeks, and in the Feast of Booths.
So God tells us that, He commanded Moses to order worship and sacrifices on the New Moons, much like in the Sabbaths and Holy Days! From this we can also begin to see how much emphasis God puts on the New Moons…they are a very important thing to be observed!

More evidence of an “Order Commanded to them…”
1Ch 23:27-32 For by the last words of David the Levites were numbered from a son of twenty years and above,  because their office was to wait on the sons of Aaron for the service of the house of Jehovah, in the courts, and in the chambers, and in the purifying of all holy things, and the work of the service of God’s house,  both for the Bread of Arrangement, and for the fine flour for food offering, and for the unleavened cakes, and for the pan, and for what is soaked in oil, and for every measure and size,  and to stand every morning to thank and praise God, and likewise at evening.
And they were to offer all burnt sacrifices to God in the Sabbath, in the new moons, and on the set feasts, by number, according to the order commanded to them, continually before the face of God, and that they should keep the charge of the tabernacle of the congregation, and the charge of the Holy Place, and the charge of Aaron’s sons, their brothers, in the service of the house of God.
This scripture says that David set the order, of the way the Levites were to offer sacrifices to God in His Holy Days and Sabbaths and NEW MOONS! David had to have had some kind of pattern to give this command.
Was it from the scriptures or from God Himself, just as He told Solomon how to build the Temple? David had many visions of God and he was considered a prophet too. Could we take some commands from him just as much we do from Moses?  After all this is Holy Scripture!

Even Solomon when he was about to built the Temple said that the reason was so that people could come and worship God in the appointed times, including the New Moons!!
2Ch 2:4 behold, I am building a house to the name of Jehovah my God, to dedicate to Him, to burn incense of sweet spices before Him, and for the continual Bread of Arrangement, and for burnt offerings morning and evening, on the Sabbath, and on the new moons, and at the set feasts of Jehovah our God. This shall be upon Israel forever.

Notice: A commanded observance forever for all the people of God!
King Hezekiah restores what is right…

2Ch 31:3 And the king’s portion from his substance was for burnt offerings, for burnt offerings of the morning and the evening; and the burnt offerings of the Sabbaths, and of the new moons, and of the appointed seasons, as it was written in the Law of Jehovah.
And after Israel had gone astray, King Hezekiah restored the sacrifices during the New Moons as Moses ordered Israel to do before God! Ezra restores what is right…
And Ezra, when Israel came out of Captivity,  made it a point to continue to offer God His sacrifices. And to keep the appointed worship times of God!

Ezr 3:2-5 Then Jeshua the son of Jozadak stood up, and his brothers the priests, and Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, and his brothers, and built the altar of the God of Israel in order to offer burnt offerings on it, as it is written in the Law of Moses the man of God. 3 And they set the altar on its bases, for fear was on them because of the people of those lands. And he offered burnt offerings on it to Jehovah, burnt offerings morning and evening. They also performed the Feast of Booths, as it is written, and the burnt offerings by number, days by days, according to the ordinance, the thing of days in its day. And afterward the continual burnt offering, both of the new moons, and of all the set feasts of Jehovah that were set apart, and of everyone who willingly offered a freewill offering to Jehovah.


Nehemiah restores what is right…
Nehemiah restored the service to God on the Holy Days and the proper keeping of the Sabbath and the New Moons, and tithing!
Neh 10:31-33 And if the people of the land should bring goods or any food to sell on the Sabbath, we would not take from them on the Sabbath, or on the holy day. And they would forgo the seventh year, and the interest of every hand.  Also, we made stand on ourselves, to charge ourselves yearly with the third part of a shekel for the service of the house of our God, for the Bread of Arrangement, and for the continual food offering, and for the continual burnt offering, of the Sabbaths, of the new moons, for the set feasts, and for the holy things, and for the sin offerings to make atonement for Israel, and all the work of the house of God.

So if these people that worship the true God were so concerned about the keeping of the Law and restoring it back to what would please God… and this included the keeping of the New Moons…

What is stopping us from doing the same??
When we pull away – He pulls away…

When God was upset with His people for not doing what was right and turning away form the right worship that he had commanded. Our own worship, doing things our own way;  made the peoples worship a stench in His nostrils. He considered it nothing more than mere lip service! Serving him according to the commandments of men; instead of doing what he had commanded.
Is this what is happening to us, His people today? Is the right worship of God lost today? Will He abhor our worship according to our own ways: or will he accept us as we seek to please him by doing what is right in His eyes??

Isa 1:12-14 At whose request do you come before me, making my house unclean with your feet?  Give me no more false offerings; the smoke of burning flesh is disgusting to me, so are your new moons and Sabbaths and your holy meetings.  Your new moons and your regular feasts are a grief to my soul: they are a weight in my spirit; I am crushed under them.
Hos. 2:11 I will also cause all her mirth to cease, her feast days, her new moons, and her Sabbaths, and all her solemn feasts. Offerings on the New Moons…
God did allow a record in the book of Numbers of what would be His offerings given to Him by the nation of Israel in the FIRST DAY OF EVERY MONTH!!

Num 28:10-14This is the burned offering for every Sabbath day, in addition to the regular burned offering, and its drink offering.  And on the first day of every month you are to give a burned offering to the Lord; two oxen, one male sheep, and seven he-lambs of the first year, without any mark;  And three tenth parts of the best meal for a meal offering mixed with oil, for every ox; and two tenth parts of the best meal for a meal offering mixed with oil, for the one sheep;  And a separate tenth part of the best meal mixed with oil for a meal offering for every lamb; for a burned offering of a sweet smell, an offering made by fire to the Lord.  And their drink offerings are to be half a hin of wine for an ox, and the third part of a hin for a male sheep, and the fourth part of a hin for a lamb: this is the burned offering for every month through all the months of the year.


And God commanded Israel to blow the Trumpets on the first day at the beginning of every month! This was to be done over all of their sacrifices so they would be a “MEMORIAL” to them.
Num 10:10 Also in the day of your gladness, and in your solemn days, and in the beginnings of your months, ye shall blow with the trumpets over your burnt offerings, and over the sacrifices of your peace offerings; that they may be to you for a memorial before your God: I am the LORD your God.
So we see that the people of God were worshiping God in the keeping of the New Moon as told to us by Paul in the new testament, by David, by Hezekiah, by Ezra, Nehemiah, Elisha, Ezekiel, Amos, Saul, Jonathan, and even Moses. We can see that they did meet together, they worshiped God, they came to meet the religious authorities of the land, they broke bread together, they sacrificed, they were not to buy or sell – it seems clear that God is showing us there was some type of order and service set for this day.

So what are we to do??
It is very clear from scriptures that we need to observe the New Moons. And do what we can to please God, as He obviously is expecting of us today!
When & How…the experts or the scripture?
So how can we know when the New Moon will be? And what should we do during that day? God is not an author of confusion among his people; Satan is and he will always be.
Satan has given man many choices and chances, so they can learn to do what is more convenient to them!  Man, since the time of the early church, has learned to keep the New Moons with a lot of baggage involved in the keeping of them.

The clear way and the record of the Holy Scriptures are easily ignored because of the technicalities and debates over Rabbinic thoughts and different ways to see the moon phases and occurrences. It has become so confusing, that people completely ignore the keeping of the New Moons altogether!
Today, people that use the moon cycle to determine the beginning of the month, decide whether or not to skip a day or two according to their own will and own conveniences. They change the record of the true day!
When it is next to a Sabbath, they choose to skip a day so that it will not affect the preparing of that day.

Is this allowed in the scriptures??
The truth is that God never allowed this kind of choice in the counting the month cycles. At least it is not in the record of the scriptures. And it is never mentioned that it ever occurred in the history of Israel. Lets for a moment ignore the Jewish scholars and so called experts of our day and just look at what the scriptures teach us about it.
How can we know when a first day of the month really begins?
In the book of Genesis, God told us that the celestial bodies were given to us to tell the time!

Gen 1:14 And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years:

God says here that the lights are for the telling of the times! For days, for seasons, and for years!
Notice that it says the lights, the “luminaries”. Not the darkness but the lights! So today, as people are watching when a New Moon will begin. They look for the darkness of the Moon when it is not visible on the skies. And from there, from this darkness, some begin to count the beginning of a New Moon or lunar month!

But the scripture is clear, God said to use the light and not the darkness! Going by this guide from God – we would have to conclude that the first sliver of light would be the beginning of the new lunar month and that day would be the New Moon.


Another analogy to consider…
Jesus Christ is the light and He is represented as such, while Satan is darkness and he is represented as such. Would God use the LIGHT to determine the beginning of this special day or would he use darkness?
More to consider…
God also told us that the first month of His lunar year was in the Spring and not in the Autumn as some people use for the beginning of their year. Israel also was used to other calendars while they were living as slaves to Egypt. But God before He took them out of Slavery told them what would be their new way of counting their year..!
Ex 12:2 Let this month be to you the first of months, the first month of the year.
We would have to use the first month of the year, the one that falls in Spring, so that we may be able to keep the Spring Passover Festival, at the right time. In this way we would be able to keep the counting for Pentecost in the right order as well.

Lev 23:10 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye be come into the land which I give unto you, and shall reap the harvest thereof, then ye shall bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest unto the priest: And he shall wave the sheaf before the LORD, to be accepted for you: on the morrow after the Sabbath the priest shall wave it.
And ye shall offer that day when ye wave the sheaf an he lamb without blemish of the first year for a burnt offering unto the LORD.  And the meat offering thereof shall be two tenth deals of fine flour mingled with oil, an offering made by fire unto the LORD for a sweet savour: and the drink offering thereof shall be of wine, the fourth part of an hin.

And ye shall eat neither bread, nor parched corn, nor green ears, [of the new harvest] until the selfsame day that ye have brought an offering unto your God: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.
And ye shall count unto you from the morrow after the Sabbath, from the day that ye brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven Sabbaths shall be complete: Even unto the morrow after the seventh Sabbath shall ye number fifty days; and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto the LORD.

Pentecost was to be counted from, the next day after the Sabbath that falls in the week of the Passover/- Unleavened Bread  Festival. From that first day of the week, which would be to us Sunday. They were supposed to count seven full weeks, and the day after the Seventh Sabbath would be a total of 50 days.
Now the wave offering would not be possible, without the ripening of the grain since the Lunar calendar would be out of sync with the rotation of the Earth around the Sun after several years. It would be necessarily, to add a 13 month into the year that was out of sync. In this way it would allow the New Year to have the ripening of the grain in the right time for it to be waved!
This is the only way possible, for people to keep the right dates for all the Holy Days of God. Any other correction that is done to the lunar calendar, is for the convenience and laziness of man!

The scriptures do not give us the right to change the calendar of God. And God never, ever, told man to change what He has ordained!
Anyone that will be faithful to God would have to be willing to go through some inconvenience in those occasions that have a Holy Day fall next to a Sabbath. This is part of our faithfulness and part of our test.
Are we willing to follow God, or do our own thing out of convenience? It’s clear then that we need to do something about the commands of our God. We must worship our Lord as He wants and learn to correct our ways when we are shown where we are wrong.

The New Moons must be kept, and we must learn how to keep them in our time. We have the opportunity to restore this truth in much the way Hezekiah and Nehemiah did in their day. We may not have ALL the facts, but to a member of the church of God who wants to please God in all His command there is a lot of information in the scriptures to work with, certainly enough to observe this command.
I hope and pray that God will grant you wisdom and understanding as you dig deep into his scriptures to better understand this very important day.

And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, On the first day of the first month shalt thou set up the tabernacle of the tent of the congregation. … Thus did Moses: according to all that the LORD commanded him, so did he. And it came to pass in the first month in the second year, on the first day of the month, that the tabernacle was reared up. (Exodus 40:1,2,16,17 — read all of Exodus 40:1-33 to see how much labor was done this New Moon Day)


In the second year of Darius the king, in the sixth month, in the first day of the month, came the word of the LORD by Haggai the prophet unto Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and to Joshua the son of Josedech, the high priest, saying, Thus speaketh the LORD of hosts, saying, This people say, The time is not come, the time that the LORD’S house should be built. … Go up to the mountain, and bring wood, and build the house; and I will take pleasure in it, and I will be glorified, saith the LORD. … Then Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, and Joshua the son of Josedech, the high priest, with all the remnant of the people, obeyed the voice of the LORD their God, and the words of Haggai the prophet, as the LORD their God had sent him, and the people did fear before the LORD. (Haggai 1:1,2,8,12)
If every New Moon Day is a Sabbath, why do we find God commanding Zerubbabel to gather wood and build upon the first day of the month? Recall God’s judgment against the man who gathered wood on the Sabbath in Numbers 15:32-36.
If every New Moon Day is a Sabbath, we should find the command to make the Sabbath offering on the New Moon Days as well. No such command was given. Only the daily offering was to accompany the New Moon offering. (Numbers 28:15)
The New Moon is NOT a Sabbath unless it happens to fall on a Sabbath. The New Moon is NOT a Holy Day except for the first day of the Seventh month.
The New Moon is merely the consecrating of the beginning of a month with special sacrifices by God’s command.
I suggest that New Moon’s be observed by family or local congregational Bible Studies in replacement of the sacrifices, as they are to be observed as day’s of worship [yet NOT Holy Days or Sabbaths just the consecration of the beginning of each month] in the Kingdom.
They are essential to a proper understanding of the Biblical Calendar; and the consecrating of months in the Biblical Calendar.
The importance of the New Moons lies in the fact that they are essential elements in determining ALL of the commanded Holy Days; except for the Sabbath. That is why God has set them apart for special recognition without calling them actual Holy Days.
They are the foundation of God’s Calendar and they are the foundation for properly dating the actual commanded Holy Days! We should get in the habit now!

Occult Teachings

Most people associate the term "Occult" with darkness, evil or black magic. This is a travesty of misinterpretation for this much abused word. Here are definitions of the word "occult" from two highly respected dictionaries: COLLINS: "1. of or characteristic of magical, mystical or supernatural arts, phenomena, or influences:

2. beyond ordinary human understanding. 3. secret or esoteric." OXFORD: "1. involving the supernatural; mystical, magical. 2. kept secret, esoteric. 3. recondite, mysterious; beyond the range of ordinary knowledge."

Well, unless my eyesight is failing me, I couldn't find in either of these definitions anything vaguely relating to "black; the Devil; Satan; dangerous; to be avoided at all costs." Perhaps the real meaning of the word has been deliberately corrupted by the Christian Church, to discourage people from delving too deeply into any practice or field of knowledge that might threaten the credibility of the crude, and largely contradictory doctrine of orthodox religion.


The word "esoteric" usually gets the same mistreatment as "occult." Christians might care to note the various references which Jesus made between exoteric teachings (comprehensible to the ordinary people) and esoteric teachings (intended only for the inner circle, or the initiated). Note Matthew 13: 10 - 11. The disciples came to him and asked, "Why do you speak to the people in parables?" He replied, "The knowledge of the secrets of the kingdom of heaven has been given to you, but not to them."

[see also, Mark 4:11; and Luke 8:10] [There is a very good reason for keeping certain knowledge shrouded in mystery, because there are powers latent in man which, if known to people of questionable character, can be used to produce great evil and destruction. There is considerable evidence to suggest that Adolf Hitler gained access to some of this protected knowledge and used it for a negative purpose. 
Today we know that the atmosphere all around us is full of radio and television waves that we cannot see or hear directly, as well as many other sorts of energy that escape our eyes and ears. All such waves and energy are “occult”—that is, hidden from our ordinary senses—but they nevertheless affect us, and we can learn to use them. 

To say that something is “occult” is merely to say that it is beyond our range of perception or understanding—not that it is supernatural (outside of nature) or even abnormal. It is only a part of nature that is not obvious to us, such as the way one person’s thoughts can influence another, or the ability some people have to anticipate the future. Occultism is the study of such hidden aspects of nature.


Theosophy acknowledges and respects the hidden side of life—energy fields surrounding all living beings, the power of thought, intuitive understanding, and so on—and expects that one day human beings will learn to deal with those things more directly than we can now. At that future time, what was once “occult” will cease to be hidden, having become instead a part of our conscious knowledge.

Theosophists are Christians and Jews, Muslims and Zoroastrians, Hindus and Buddhists, agnostics and free-thinkers. They acknowledge the goodness of the universe, honor the potential within each human being that God has created.

Romans 8v28

And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God,

to them who are the called according to his purpose.*












The Eiffel Tower has been lit up in the colors of the South African flag in memory of Nelson Mandela.


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